Wednesday, August 11, 2010

Airport London City
The first proposal for the creation of the airport was Reg Ward, former president of the London Docklands Development Corporation, a state organization for the development of the Docklands, in 1981. The Mowlem construction company and the airline Brymon Airways (now BA Connect were interested in the project, and submitted to the LDDC a project for a STOL airport. In 1982 a Dash 7 landed on the Isle of Dogs, the current location of the airport, to demonstrate the viability of the project. After some problems of planning and a public competition in 1986 was held the ceremony in which Prince Charles laid the foundation stone of the airport at the site. The work lasted until October 1987 when it produced the first takeoffs and landings, while the airport was not officially opened by Queen Elizabeth II until November 5. [3]

The first two airlines to operate at the airport were Brymon and Eurocity Express Airways, later known as London City Airways. The first operating flights to Paris, while the second operated routes to Amsterdam and Rotterdam

Locate a commercial airport in a flyover was quite congested as TMA (Movements Terminal Area, Metropolitan Area or movements) from London, was a challenge, so for the occasion, set a new aviation authority, Thames Radar (Radar Thames), in charge of providing a radar service in the area and ensure a safe distance between planes landing at the airport.

Since opening, the airport has been expanded in three stages. In a first stage the track was lengthened, originally of 1,080 m in length, thus reduced the angle of approach of 7.5 to 5.5 degrees, still a bit steep to be a European airport. Subsequently built a turning area at the east end of the runway, work that was completed in 2003.

The number of passengers has been growing dramatically over the years, with several ups and downs caused by international circumstances. In 1990, three years after his Inauguration, the airport hosted a total of 230,000 passengers, a figure which dropped the following year significantly due to the Gulf War up to 186,000 passengers. In 1993 it exceeded 1990 passengers (245 000), a year later, those numbers doubled (480,000 passengers in 1994), and the number of passengers who used the facilities of London City grew and grew dramatically until 2001, year that passed through the airport more than 1,600,000 passengers. The attacks of September 11, 2001 against the United States led to a widespread recession in aviation worldwide, and London-City (which closed two days after the attacks) lost 200,000 passengers per year until 2003, the date on which recovery begins. In 2002 he celebrated the arrival of ten millionth passenger since it opened. In 2005, touched the figure of two million passengers, and in 2006, the last of which figures are available, the widely exceeded.


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