Monday, August 9, 2010

Traditional Society

Scottish Clan
The company operates on the traditional Scottish fashion clan. Membership in a clan is distinguished by the surname and the particular colors of the tartan, that is to say the pattern found on kilts. However, this method of identification is relatively recent and dates back to the eighteenth century. Before this period tartans were most often made with dye after plants grown locally, and several members of different clans were very similar wear tartan. Belonging to a specific clan was then demonstrated by wearing a sprig of vegetation that was the favorite plant of the clan and was hanging on the hat: Tam o 'Shanter (beret) and Glengarry (cap). There is also another means of identification: a badge (badge crest) on the arms of the clan, also attached to the head covering.

Role of the Chief
The authority of the chief was absolute and decide the fate of the clan, its alliances and its wars. Until the Battle of Culloden, the clan has formed the structure of Scottish society. The consistency of this model touting the clan before its members. Thus, when individuals of a clan, charged with robbery, escaped justice, another man of the same clan could be found in its place.

With the disintegration of traditional society after 1746, the head of the clan became Laird, landowner, seconded by tacksman in the administration of his domains. The tacksman, often a close relative of the Laird, Laird paid a pension for land allocated it. His office was semi-hereditary in the sense that if the same family occupied the land for several generations, she left her at the end of the lease and thus lost its status in the clan. However, some families have retained indefinitely tacksmen their status is at issue in this case families located at the head of the sept of a clan.


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